Lumbar Discectomy Surgery: A Treatment for Herniated Discs

Lumbar discectomy spinal surgical procedure that is performed to remove a portion of a herniated disc in the lower back. This procedure involves making a small incision in the back and using specialized instruments to remove the damaged disc material that is compressing the nerves in the spine.

Indications for Lumbar Discectomy Surgery

Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically recommended for patients who experience symptoms such as:

  • Lower Back Pain
  • Leg Pain
  • Weakness, Numbness, or Tingling.

These symptoms are often caused by a herniated disc, which occurs when the inner portion of a spinal disc protrudes through the outer portion and presses on a nerve root.

Preparation for Surgery

Before undergoing surgery, patients will need to undergo a comprehensive medical evaluation, including a physical exam, imaging tests, and blood work. Patients may also need to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, before the surgery. In addition, patients will need to follow specific instructions regarding food and drink intake before the surgery.

The Procedure

Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the back and uses specialized instruments to remove the damaged portion of the disc that is compressing the nerve root. In some cases, the surgeon may also remove a portion of the bony arch on the back of the vertebra to provide additional space for the nerve root. The incision is then closed using sutures or staples.

Recovery from Surgery

After lumbar discectomy surgery, patients will need to rest and limit physical activity for a period of time, typically several weeks. Patients may also need to attend physical therapy sessions to help regain strength and mobility in the affected area. Most patients experience a significant improvement in their symptoms following lumbar discectomy surgery, although full recovery may take several months.

Risks and Complications

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks and potential complications associated with lumbar discectomy surgery. However, serious complications are rare, and the vast majority of patients experience a successful outcome following the surgery. Riskd may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Nerve or Spinal Cord Injury
  • Blood Clots
  • Adjacent Level Degeneration
  • Failed Back Syndrome
  • Recurrence of Herniated Disc