Lumbar Discectomy Surgery: A Treatment for Herniated Discs
Indications for Lumbar Discectomy Surgery
Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically recommended for patients who experience symptoms such as:
- Lower Back Pain
- Leg Pain
- Weakness, Numbness, or Tingling.
Preparation for Surgery
Before undergoing surgery, patients will need to undergo a comprehensive medical evaluation, including a physical exam, imaging tests, and blood work. Patients may also need to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, before the surgery. In addition, patients will need to follow specific instructions regarding food and drink intake before the surgery.
Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the back and uses specialized instruments to remove the damaged portion of the disc that is compressing the nerve root. In some cases, the surgeon may also remove a portion of the bony arch on the back of the vertebra to provide additional space for the nerve root. The incision is then closed using sutures or staples.
Recovery from Surgery
After lumbar discectomy surgery, patients will need to rest and limit physical activity for a period of time, typically several weeks. Patients may also need to attend physical therapy sessions to help regain strength and mobility in the affected area. Most patients experience a significant improvement in their symptoms following lumbar discectomy surgery, although full recovery may take several months.
Risks and Complications
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks and potential complications associated with lumbar discectomy surgery. However, serious complications are rare, and the vast majority of patients experience a successful outcome following the surgery. Riskd may include:
- Nerve or Spinal Cord Injury
- Blood Clots
- Adjacent Level Degeneration
- Failed Back Syndrome
- Recurrence of Herniated Disc